These liberties are subject to reasonable restrictions on the individual in the interest of the sovereignty and integrity of the nation, public order and morality and in the interest of the general public or the minorities.
The Constitution offers protection against arbitrary arrest and excessive punishment. No person shall be convicted of any offence except for violation of a law in force. He shall not be detained in custody without being informed and shall be produced before the nearest magistrate within a period of twenty-four hours of such arrest Article Hazards is Employment, and exploitation of children stand prohibited Article Articles 25 to 28 of the Constitution provide the citizens with Right to Religious Freedom.
No person can be compelled to pay taxes, the proceeds of which are specifically appropriated in payment of expenses for the promotion or maintenance of any particular religion or religious denomination.
The Socio Cultural Right conserves the citizens, right to cultural identity and no citizen can be denied admission into any educational institution maintained by the state. The Constitution provides machinery for the enforcement of these rights.
The Supreme Court has been given the power to issue injunctions, or orders or writs under Article This writ is a command of the court to a person who is detaining another person, to bring the body of the person in his custody at a stipulated time and place for a specified purpose. It is an order that commands a person or a body to do that what constitutes his or its duty as legal performance.
This writ is issued to prevent a junior court not to exceed its jurisdiction or act contrary to the norms of natural justice. This writ is used to order the shifting of a suit from a lower court to a higher court to prevent an excess or abuse of jurisdiction before the commencement of the trial. It grants an injunction to restrain a person from acting in an office to which he is not entitled.
The court may declare the office vacant. These duties talk about respect for ideals and institutions of freedom struggle and the Constitution. Promotions of communal harmony, dignity of women and preservation of composite culture and environment have been stressed upon. The Constitution exhorts upon the lay citizens to abjure violence, develop scientific temper and strive towards excellence. The critics maintain that the scheme of rights is too vague and full of contradictions.
It gives by one hand and takes back by the other. Then emergency provision can run rough shed over the entire scheme. The right to property has already been deleted and anti-reservation agitations may permit all high caste citizens to make their inroads in the sections called SC, ST and OBC.
The claims of poor, women and minorities totally revolutionize what the founding fathers had as a part of their intentions. These are guaranteed by the Constitution of India as civil liberties according to which all the Indians can lead their lives in harmony and peace as citizens. The Fundamental rights contain the rights common in most liberal democracies such as equality before the law, freedom of peaceful assembly, freedom of speech, freedom of expression, freedom of association, freedom to practice religion and rights to constitutional remedies for the protection of civil rights.
It is also described in the Indian Penal Code that breach of these rights results in punishment. These rights universally apply to all citizens.
We have given below number of long and short essay on Fundamental rights under various words limit, you can select any Fundamental rights essay as per your need and interest:. Addition of Fundamental Rights in the constitution has been appreciated.
These days development of a state is calculated by the rights which it extends to its populace. Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution have been given to the public with the condition that all succeeding laws enacted dissimilar to these rights could be affirmed unconstitutional. Deal of Fundamental Rights as specified in the Constitution has, however, been much criticized. Some critics have gone to the point of saying that Constitution makers in India have provided rights with one hand and taken by the other.
A division of the Constitution is dedicated to the fundamental rights, which Indians can benefit from during normal times. These Rights can, however, be taken away from them during emergencies. The Rights, along with other things, comprise the right to freedom of assembly, association, faith, expression, etc. The courts of law are capable to declare any law, which violates these rights as unconstitutional if there is a need. Such an action can be in use only if a plea is furnished by a citizen to review a law or an executive order.
The need to provide fundamental rights to the citizens was felt after the French Revolution and the US freedom struggle. It was then that the nations around the world thought of giving some essential rights to their citizens. This included social, economic, political and cultural rights of the people. In India, the suggestion of including religious and cultural rights as basic rights of the citizens was made by Nehru Committee Report of However, the Simon Commission did not favor this idea of inclusion of Fundamental rights in the Constitution.
At Karachi session in , The Indian National Congress again demanded a written assurance for Fundamental Rights in any future constitutional setup in India. At the round table conference held in London, the demand for fundamental rights was emphasized. Later at the 2nd round table conference, a memo was circulated by Mahatma Gandhi demanding a guarantee of including — Protection of their culture, language, script, profession, education and religious practice and to protect the rights of minorities.
In , after the independence, the constituent assembly pledged for future governance. It demanded a Constitution that guaranteed all the people of India — justice, social, economic and political equality, equal opportunity, freedom of thought, expression, faith, worship, belief, association, vocation and action subject to law and public morality. It also guaranteed special facilities for the minorities, backward classes, and schedule caste people. The right to equality personified within the Constitution will doubtless be thought as a firm step towards the institution of democracy in the Republic of India.
Indian nationals are being assured through these Fundamental rights that they can lead their life in harmony as long as they live in Indian democracy. The Fundamental Rights included in the Indian constitution are a way to ensure that the people get to lead a decent life in the country. These rights however have some peculiar features which are usually not found in the constitution of other countries.
Fundamental Rights are not absolute. They are subject to reasonable limitations. But the reasonable restrictions are subject to legal review. Here is a look at some such peculiar features of these rights:. There is no right which has no corresponding obligations. It is, however, worth remembering that the Constitution has very extensively elaborated rights and the courts of law have very little to twist these to suit their convenience or take shelter of duties.
The Constitution of India guarantees the Fundamental rights to its citizen and the citizens can have right to speech and expression yet there are some restrictions and exceptions attached to these rights. A citizen cannot relish Fundamental Rights completely or at will. Within some Constitutional restriction, a citizen can enjoy their rights.
The Constitution of India imposes some rational limitations upon the enjoyment of these Rights so, that public order, morality, and health remain intact.
The Constitution always aims at re-establishment of communal concerns along with individual interest. For example, right to religion is subjected to limitations forced by the state in the interest of public order, ethics, and health so that the freedom of religion may not be ill-treated to commit crimes or anti-social activities.
Similarly, rights guaranteed by article do not mean absolute freedom. Complete individual rights cannot be assured by any current state. Therefore, our Constitution also empowered the state to impose reasonable limitations as may be necessary for the larger interest of the community.
Our Constitution attempts to strike equilibrium between individual liberty and social control and to set up a welfare state where communal interest gets importance over individual interest.
Short Essay on Fundamental Rights in India – Fundamental Rights may well be called the soul of our Constitution. These are the very basic rights that are universally recognized as fundamental to human existence and indispensable for human development. In the absence of these rights man’s social and spiritual life would be .
ADVERTISEMENTS: Thus, when political institutions have been made representative and responsible, constitutional efforts have been made to empower people, especially the members of weaker sections to live in dignity with rights of liberty, equality and religious freedom. Initially, Constitution enshrined seven fundamental rights of citizens as a .
Fundamental rights are basic human rights. These rights are considered necessary for the development of the personality of an individual. Without the enjoyment of these rights the happines and development of the individual is not possible. They are included in our constitution so that every citizen. Fundamental Rights Essay 2 ( words) The need to provide fundamental rights to the citizens was felt after the French Revolution and the US freedom struggle.
In this essay we will discuss about the fundamental rights in the Indian constitution. After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. Fundamental Rights and the Indian Constitution 2. Historical Background of the Fundamental Rights 3. Peculiar Features of the Fundamental Rights 4. Restrictions of the Fundamental Rights 5. Courts and Fundamental Rights . Free Essays on Essay On Fundamental Rights. Get help with your writing. 1 through