He completed his matriculation examination in In , he became a barrister and returned back to home country. At the age of 24, Mahatma Gandhi went to South Africa as a lawyer. He himself faced discrimination on several occasions.
He was once disallowed to travel on first-class and thrown out of the train. Throughout his struggle, he taught people to fight for their rights through non-violence. He returned to India in Later, he was the president of Indian National Congress. He protested against the mis-rule of the British Government. On several occasions, he was sent to prison. There was wide participation of women in the freedom movements led by Gandhi. Non-cooperation was his great weapon.
It was a movement of the masses of India. Gandhiji produced salt at Dandi without paying the salt tax. The Civil Disobediance Movement movement got support of millions of common people. He followed the principles of non-violence, truth and peace throughout his life. He proved that Ahimsa non-violence is more powerful than the sword.
Gandhian era in Indian History: He shook off the British imperialism. The British were compelled to quit India. Therefore, he gave up these attempts of becoming a gentleman and decided to follow his own nature. In , he passed his Bar-at-Law examination and in the summer of the same year returned to India, to his great relief, and he was called to the Bar at Bombay but again as a praclicener of law, he proved a miserable failure.
His self- consciousness was too great a stumbling block to overcome. Then he went to South Africa in April to help a distant relation in legal matters. His long stay in Africa proved a blessing in disguise and really a turning point.
In South Africa, Gandhi was subjected to too much humiliation, indignities and apartheid. He was even thrown out of a train because he dared to travel in the first class with a white man. These trials, tribulations and travails helped him a lot to ponder hard on the matter and to turn towards God for light, guidance and help. This process of deep introspection and prayer, soon transformed him into a determined vocal, analytical and committed person.
Spiritually, he grew in stature rapidly and found his self-confidence and moorings. He resolved to renounce wealth and materialistic possessions to become a true Karma yogi.
He then took a vow of strict celibacy with the due knowledge and consent of his wife Kasturba. He set up Phoenix Farm near Durban and continued his experiments with truth and soul-searching. These studies strengthened further his convictions, resolves and vows regarding non-violence, brahamcharya, non-possession, devotion to God and service to the humanity at large.
He had his first practice session in non-violence, civil disobedience and service on a very small scale. He led the Indian community against very discriminatory and prejudicial laws which required them to be registered and finger-printed and carry special identity cards.
It was an object lesson in how to serve the mankind which earned him appreciation and admiration of many in the government and the public.
He returned to India in and was accorded a very warm reception on his return to his country on January 9. He established an ashram on the bank of river Sabarmati, near Ahmadabad on the same lines and principles on which had done so in South Africa. He came under the influence of moderate Congress leader Gopal Krishna Gokhle, and began to regard himself as his follower.
He championed the cause of the indigo farmers of Champaran in Bihar against their exploitation. In he began the Kheda peasant satyagraha and then a movement against Rowlett Act by giving nationwide call for hartal for a day. His identification with the poor and downtrodden masses of India was natural, spontaneous and complete. His utter simplicity, sincerity and deep faith in the noble cause of freedom and welfare of the people helped him to turn the freedom struggle into a mass movement.
Soon he became synonymous with Congress and the freedom movement. He inspired the masses with confidence, courage and hope. He introduced Khadi and popularized the spinning wheel to mitigate the sufferings of the rural poor. The wheel and Khadi soon became powerful weapons and symbols of national unity, integration, social renaissance and a kind of economical revolution among the masses. He travelled extensively, met people, exchanged ideas with them, won their hearts and minds and converted them into his faith.
Crowds rushed to see him, to know his views and to seek his guidance on various issues. They became integral part of his crusade against slavery, exploitation, injustice, suppression, hatred and violence. He was imprisoned on several occasions on false and fabricated charges but his spirit of devotion to the cause of liberty, remained ever undaunted, nay emerged stronger, nobler and more determined after every such imprisonment. In December , at the annual session of the Congress in Lahore, he made the party pass a unanimous resolution of Swaraj, complete freedom.
On March 12, he undertook the famous Dandi March. On April 6, he reached the seashore and lifted a lump of salt in a symbolic violation of the monopolistic and cruel law of the British government. He was arrested and so were thousands of other leaders and his followers. It was a historic event and an unprecedented example of mass civil-disobedience. After his return from London he was again arrested and the Congress banned.
Gandhi Jayanti: In India, Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated every-year on the day of his birth-anniversary. It is a national holiday. It is a national holiday. The world celebrates 2nd October as the International day of non-violence.
Free Gandhi papers, essays, and research papers. The Hidden Side of the Influential Leader, Gandhi - The Hidden Side of the Influential Leader, Gandhi Once stated, “Just as there are two sides to every story, there are two sides to every person.
Mahatma Gandhi Essay 6 ( words) Mahatma Gandhi is well known as the “Father of the Nation or Bapu” because of his greatest contributions towards the independence of our country. He was the one who believed in the non-violence and unity of the people and brought spirituality in the Indian politics. Gandhi's seminal argument for Indian independence from Great Britain is contained in "Hind Swaraj; or, Indian Home Rule," an essay that originally appeared in the journal Indian Opinion. His writings have been meticulously collected by the Indian government and now comprise more than eighty volumes.
Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, in Probander India. Gandhi's real name is Mohandas. He is called Mahatma because Mahatma means "Great Soul" and was called this for his mind on the matter of Indian rights. Read this essay on Mahatma Gandhi ( A.D. – A.D.)! Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Bapu (the father of the nation) and Mahatma (the great soul) was born at Porbandar on 2nd October,