Writing an engaging introduction is not less important than conducting research or providing a high-quality context in your paper. In fact, a great intro is even more important for your success! An opening clause that attracts attention and keeps the reader engaged is the key to success. How to create flawless intros for your papers?
The tips and examples provided in this article should help you deal with this issue fast and easily and avoid common mistakes. However, it also requires practice. We encourage students to practice writing as much as they can to master these skills and never face difficulties with writing academic papers again! You need to Log in or Sign up for a new account in order to.
Please enter your email to proceed. Your email This is an obligatory field. We'll send you an email that'll allow you to change your password. Back to all posts — Research Paper Writing Guides. Need help with writing a research paper? Don't have time for it all now? No problem, save it as a course and come back to it later. In the introduction, you are attempting to inform the reader about the rationale behind the work, and to justify why your work is essential in the field.
The introduction does not have a strict word limit, unlike the abstract , but it should be as concise as possible. For a longer research paper , where you use an outline , it can be useful to structure your introduction around the outline.
Here are a few outline examples. The introduction gives an overall review of the paper, but does address a few slightly different issues from the abstract. It works on the principle of introducing the topic of the paper and setting it in a broader context, gradually narrowing the topic down to a research problem , thesis and hypothesis. You should assume that your paper is aimed at someone with a good working knowledge of your particular field.
A behavioral science paper only needs to mention Pavlov and Skinner in passing, as their theories are standard for any first year undergraduate. Like in any good Hollywood movie, the first task of the introduction is to set the scene.
This gives your paper a context and allows readers to see how it fits in with previous research in the field.
This section, comprising the first paragraphs of your introduction, can be based around a historical narrative, chronologically outlining the very first research in the field to the current day. In many fields, this could make up an entire essay in itself, so be careful to stick to only relevant information.
The background then leads into the rationale behind the research, revealing whether it is building upon previous research, looking at something that everybody else has overlooked, or improving upon a previous research project that delivered unclear results. This section can then flow into how you are going to fill the gap, laying out your objectives and methodology.
You are trying to predict what impact your research will have and the consequences of rejecting or accepting the null hypothesis. The introduction is the place to highlight any weaknesses in the experiment from the start. For example, an ideal experiment should have perfectly randomized samples , but there are many good reasons why this is not always possible.
The introduction to a research paper can be the most challenging part of the paper to write. The length of the introduction will vary depending on the type of research paper you are writing.
An introduction should announce your topic, provide context and a rationale for your work, before stating your research questions and hypothesis. Well-written introductions set the tone for the paper, catch the reader's interest, and communicate the hypothesis or thesis statement. Announce your research topic.
You can start your introduction with a few sentences which announce the topic of your paper and give an indication of the kind of research questions you will be asking. This is a good way to introduce your readers to your topic and pique their interest.
In scientific papers this is sometimes known as an "inverted triangle", where you start with the broadest material at the start, before zooming in on the specifics. It provides the reader with an indication of the content of the essay and encourages them to read on. Consider referring to key words. When you write a research paper for publication you will be required to submit it along with a series of key words which give a quick indication of the areas of research you are addressing.
You may also have certain key words in your title which you want to establish and emphasise in your introduction. Define any key terms or concepts. It may be necessary for you to clarify any key terms or concepts early on in your introduction. You need to express yourself clearly throughout your paper so if you leave an unfamiliar term or concept unexplained you risk your readers not having a clear understanding of your argument.
Introduce the topic through an anecdote or quotation. If you are writing a humanities or social science essay you can find more literary ways to begin your introduction and announce the topic of your paper. It is common for humanities essays in particular to begin with an illustrative anecdote or quotation that points to the topic of the research.
This is a variation of the "inverted triangle" technique and can generate interest in your paper in a more imaginative way and demonstrate an engaging writing style.
If you use an anecdote ensure that is short and highly relevant for your research. It has to function in the same way as an alternative opening, namely to announce the topic of your research paper to your reader.
For example, if you were writing a sociology paper about re-offending rates among young offenders, you could include a brief story of one person whose story reflects and introduces your topic. This kind of approach is generally not appropriate for the introduction to a natural or physical sciences research paper where the writing conventions are different.
Include a brief literature review. Depending on the overall length of your paper, it will be necessary to include a review of the existing literature already published in the field.
This is an important element of your paper which demonstrates that you have a strong knowledge and understanding of the debates and scholarship in your area. You should aim to indicate that you have a broad knowledge, but that you are engaging in the specific debates most relevant to your own research. It is important to be concise in the introduction, so provide an overview on recent developments in the primary research rather than a lengthy discussion. A strong literature review presents important background information to your own research and indicates the importance of the field.
Use the literature to focus in on your contribution. A concise but comprehensive literature review can be a very effective way to frame your own research paper. As you develop your introduction, you can move from the literature to focus in on your own work and its position relevant to the broader scholarship. By making clear reference to existing work you can demonstrate explicitly the specific contribution you are making to move the field forward.
You can identify a gap in the existing scholarship and explain how you are addressing it and moving understanding forward. Elaborate on the rationale of your paper. Once you have framed your work within a broader context you can elaborate more fully on the rationale of your research and its particular strengths and importance. The rationale should clearly and concisely indicate the value of your paper and its contribution to the field.
For example, if you are writing a scientific paper you could stress the merits of the experimental approach or models you have used. Stress what is novel in your research and the significance of your new approach, but don't give too much detail in the introduction. State your research questions.
Once you have indicated where your research sits in the field and the general rationale for your paper, you can specify the research questions the paper addresses. The literature review and rationale frames your research and introduces your research question.
This question should be developed fluently from the earlier parts of the introduction and shouldn't come as a surprise to the reader. An example of a research question could be "what were the consequences of the North American Free Trade Agreement on the Mexican export economy?
A good research question should shape a problem into a testable hypothesis. After you have specified your research questions you need to give a clear and concise articulation of your hypothesis, or your thesis statement.
This is a statement which indicates your essay will make a specific contribution and have a clear result rather than just covering a broader topic. If possible try to avoid using the word "hypothesis" and rather make this implicit in your writing.
In a scientific paper, giving a clear one-sentence overview of your results and their relation to your hypothesis makes the information clear and accessible.
The introduction gives an overall review of the paper, but does address a few slightly different issues from the abstract. It works on the principle of introducing the topic of the paper and setting it in a broader context, gradually narrowing the topic down to a research problem, thesis and hypothesis.
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How to Write Research Paper Introduction Paragraph. Such approach will help you develop an attractive research paper introduction. Explain Key Terms; You should explain key terms and concepts in the introduction to avoid reader confusion later. Make your investigation clear and understandable. Get access to one of Edusson's famous Complete Guides: How to Write an Introduction for Research Paper! Exclusive list of Tips, Examples and Help Resources All in One Place! For Students' eyes only! How to write Good title examples All the Help Sources and Secret Perks.
The introduction leads the reader from a general subject area to a particular topic of inquiry. It establishes the scope, context, and significance of the research being conducted by summarizing current understanding and background information about the topic, stating the purpose of the work in the. Research paper introduction help to write good. September 13, By. Nice. i've been a lockhart fan since when i read the original essay. what is a bibliography for a research paper research paper on organ donation yesterday essay on cell phone etiquette fc beispiel essay research paper on post traumatic stress disorder .